Supreme Court dismisses PIL challenging Theory of Evolution: Upholds Scientific Integrity


Humans always question everything; that is the whole essence of humanity. Questioning is how we have invented and discovered millions of things that we use today. In the name of religion however many tend to be suppressive of scientifically proven theories. One such case has cropped up in India and the Supreme Court has rightfully struck it down. 

In a recent development, the Supreme Court unequivocally dismissed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) challenging two of the most fundamental scientific theories in history – Darwin’s theory of evolution and Einstein’s theory of special relativity. The bench, comprising Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Justice Sudhanshu Dhulia, maintained that scientific beliefs could not be subject to scrutiny through a writ petition under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution.

Addressing the petitioner’s plea, the bench stated, “The petitioner wants to prove that Darwinian theory of evolution and Einstein’s equation are wrong and he wants a platform for the said purpose. If that is his belief, then he can propagate his own belief. This cannot be a writ petition under article 32 of the Indian Constitution, which has to deal with the issues of fundamental rights.”

In an assertive stance, the Court emphasized that the petitioner was free to develop and propagate his own theories if he disagreed with the established scientific principles. “Then you improve your theory. What is the Supreme Court supposed to do? You say you studied something in school, you were a science student. Now you say that those theories are wrong. If you believe that those theories were wrong, then the Supreme Court has nothing to do. What is the violation of your fundamental right under Article 32?” the bench reiterated.

What is the theory of evolution? 

The theory of evolution, proposed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin, expounds on the concept that all living beings have evolved through the mechanism of natural selection, revolutionizing the understanding of the origin of species. Einstein’s renowned equation, E = mc2, signifies the equivalence of mass and energy, underscoring the profound interrelation between matter and energy in the universe.

During the hearing, the petitioner, Raj Kumar, garbed in saffron attire, expressed his skepticism, asserting that his educational experiences had led him to believe that the teachings on these theories were erroneous. However, the Court firmly upheld the sanctity of scientific research and its integral role in shaping our understanding of the world.

The Supreme Court’s dismissal of the PIL highlights the unwavering commitment to preserving the integrity of scientific inquiry and the crucial role it plays in advancing human knowledge and understanding.

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