Why 4 out of 5 living Organ donors in India are women


In India, a stark gender disparity has emerged in the realm of organ donation, shedding light on the broader issue of gender inequality that permeates various facets of life. A recent survey analyzing data from the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (Notto) reveals a concerning trend: the majority of organ donors in the country are women, and their contributions, often kidneys, are disproportionately directed towards male recipients.

Over the span of 26 years, from 1995 to 2021, a total of 36,640 patients underwent organ transplants in India. Astonishingly, four out of five living donors were women, constituting a substantial majority. Concurrently, four out of five recipients were men, emphasizing a gender-skewed distribution in organ transplantation.

The implications of these findings have sparked headlines across India, prompting discussions on the unequal dynamics at play within the organ donation landscape. An editorial in the Times of India underscores the gravity of the situation, describing it as an “overwhelmingly one-sided flow of organs from mothers and wives to husbands and sons.”

Dr. Anil Kumar, the director of Notto, acknowledged the need for a critical examination of the prevailing conditions leading to transplant requirements. The gendered pattern observed in organ donation raises questions about access to healthcare, societal expectations, and the burden disproportionately borne by women in meeting the medical needs of their male family members.

While organ donation is a noble and life-saving act, the skewed gender distribution highlights deeper societal issues that need addressing. The data suggests a need for increased awareness and education about organ donation, breaking down gender stereotypes, and fostering a more equitable healthcare system. As India grapples with these revelations, there is a growing call for initiatives that empower women to make informed choices about their bodies and challenge the systemic gender biases that extend even into the altruistic act of organ donation.

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